Low carb diet ‘positive effect’ on type 2 diabetes
Following a low carbohydrate diet (LCD) can have a positive effect on glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes, according to research.
Cutting down on pasta and potatoes can also benefit triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations, but without significant effect on long-term weight loss, the findings of a systematic review and meta-analysis found.
Researchers looked at a total of nine previous studies which had included data from 734 people with type 2 diabetes. Pooled results suggested that LCD had a significantly positive effect on HbA1c levels (WMD: -0.44; 95% CI: -0.61,-0.26; P=0.00).
The cardiovascular risk factors were also shown to be significantly reduced with triglycerides concentration being (WMD: -0.33; 95% CI: -0.45, -0.21; P=0.00) and there was an increased HDL cholesterol concentration (WMD: 0.07; 95% CI: 0.03, 0.11; P=0.00).
However, the LCD was not associated with decreased levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. Subgroup analyses indicated that short term intervention of LCD was effective for weight loss (WMD: -1.18; 95% CI: -2.32, -0.04; P=0.04).
The researchers concluded: “The results suggested a beneficial effect of LCD intervention on glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The LCD intervention also had a positive effect on triglycerides and HDL cholesterol concentrations, but without significant effect on long term weight loss.”
To read more about the study, click here.
Eating a diet which is low in carbohydrates has been supported by many in the diabetes community.
Diabetes.co.uk, the world’s largest diabetes support community, developed its own Low Carb Program which has been hugely successful with its members since launching on World Diabetes Day in November 2015. It now has 250,000 members and is saving the NHS millions of pounds in prescription costs alone.