Three-year-old diagnosed with type 2
A three-year-old girl is believed to be the youngest person in the world to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
The obese child, who has not been identified, was diagnosed by Dr Michael Yafi, a paediatric endocrinologist with the University of Texas.
The child, from Texas, was admitted to an obesity clinic after suffering from extreme thirst and urination.
Dr Yafi, who has been discussing the case at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) conference in Stockholm, said a review of the family’s diet found they had “poor nutritional habits” and the food they consumed was high in fat.
Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of type 2 diabetes even in very young obese children
Speaking at the conference, Dr Yafi said: “Based on symptoms, physical findings of obesity and laboratory results, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes was made.”
The child was put on metformin and her parents were asked to improve their diet and encourage the girl to exercise.
Dr Yafi added: “The incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased dramatically worldwide in children due to the epidemic of child obesity.
“Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of type 2 diabetes even in very young obese children.”
The treatment plan helped reverse the condition as after six months she had lost weight and her blood glucose levels had returned to normal.
Dr Yafi said: “Reversal of type 2 diabetes in children is possible by early screening of obese children, early diagnosis, appropriate therapy and lifestyle modification.”