Younger type 2 diagnosis linked to cardiovascular disease
Developing type 2 diabetes earlier in life increases the risk of heart disease by 60 per cent, according to an Australian study.
However, those with an early diagnosis of the condition were less likely to die from cancer down to “more frequent contact with the health system” helping early diagnosis, the study by the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute also suggested.
The data of 743,709 Australians with type 2 diabetes registered on the National Diabetes Services Scheme between 1997 and 2011 were examined during the research published in Diabetologia.
“Our research showed that a younger age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is associated with a higher death rate from cardiovascular diseases, such as ischaemic heart disease and stroke, compared with diagnosis at an older age. Professor Dianna Magliano
Head of diabetes and population health at the institute Professor Dianna Magliano said: “Our research showed that a younger age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is associated with a higher death rate from cardiovascular diseases, such as ischaemic heart disease and stroke, compared with diagnosis at an older age.
“Thus, for two men of the same age but ten 10 years’ difference in diabetes duration, the one with the earlier onset (and hence the longer duration of diabetes) has, over the next seven years, an approximately 30 per and 60 per greater risk of death from any cause and from CVD, respectively, relative to the person with the shorter duration.”
Professor Jonathan Shaw, head of clinical diabetes research at the institute, said: “Our findings suggest that younger onset type 2 diabetes increases mortality risk, and that this is mainly through earlier CVD mortality. Efforts to treat younger adults with type 2 diabetes more aggressively, and to delay the onset of type 2 diabetes might, therefore, reduce mortality.
”A healthy diet and regular physical activity are essential tools at all ages to minimise the risks of developing diabetes and its cardiovascular complications. It should also be remembered that everyone can make a difference to their health trajectory by leading a healthy lifestyle.”
For more information about the study, click here.