Gut bacteria ‘linked to type 2 diabetes’
The presence of certain bacteria in the gut may be linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, according to new research.
Researchers believe diabetes may be linked to the composition of the ‘microbial community’ living inside our intestines, known as the intestinal microbiota.
Specialists from four Russian research centres, including the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, studied changes in the microbiota of the large intestine, and their paper was recently published in the journal Endocrinology Connections.
The researchers have linked the level of glucose intolerance to the “presence of three specific types of microbiota: Blautia, Serratia, and Akkermansia bacteria”.
They analysed the gut microbiota composition in 92 people, which were made up of 20 people with type 2 diabetes, 48 people without any chronic conditions and a further 24 people who were deemed at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Researchers compared the composition of the microbial with the diagnosis of each participant and their diet.
The specific types of microbiota are found in everyone, but in cases of people who have diabetes or are deemed at high risk of developing the condition they are present in a far greater quantity.
Dr Elena Kostryukova, the head of the Laboratory of Postgenomic Research in Biology of the Scientific Research Institute of Physical-Chemical Medicine and a researcher at MIPT (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) and Maria Vakhitova, an MIPT postgraduate student, led the study.