Low Carb Program found to be ‘extremely beneficial’ for people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
People with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes can improve their condition by following the digital Low Carb Program, a study has found.
Improved glycaemic control and positive weight loss results have been recorded in people with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes who have been prescribed the digital app in a primary care setting.
The Low Carb Program is a nutritionally focused, 12-session, digitally delivered, educational behaviour change intervention, typically for glycaemic control and weight loss for adults with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
According to the new study, the Program educates and supports sustainable dietary changes focused on carbohydrate restriction by utilising behaviour change techniques, including goal setting, peer support, and behavioural self-monitoring.
It also offers personalised downloadable resources, including recipes and meal plans tailored to ethnicity, weekly shopping budget, and dietary preferences, the study reports.
The report states: “The benefits of a low-carbohydrate diet (<130 g of carbohydrate per day) on weight and type 2 diabetes management are increasingly recognised.
“Recent meta-analyses comparing the effects of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets found a significantly greater reduction in body weight for the low-carbohydrate group.”
The study assessed the outcome of 45 people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes who followed the Low Carb Program for a year.
All of the participants finished 40% of the modules, while 32 individuals completed more than nine of the lessons on the digital app.
After 12 months of following the Program, more than 80% of the participants saw beneficial results, such as enhanced glycaemic control and weight loss.
They found that the results were particularly more effective for participants who completed more than nine core lessons in the program.
In addition, they recorded that the mean HbA1C went from 58.8 mmol/mol at baseline to 54.0 mmol/mol, representing a mean reduction of 4.78 mmol/mol (SD 4.60; t31=5.87; P<.001).
The findings show that an average total body weight reduction of 4.17%, with an average weight reduction of 3.85 kg (SD 2.49; t31=9.27; P<.001) at the 12-month follow-up point.
The report outlines that further research around the Low Carb Program will be valuable to aid understanding about factors affecting engagement with the app and further positive health implications.
The authors of the study, Evaluation of the Low Carb Program Digital Intervention for the Self-Management of Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes in an NHS England General Practice: Single-Arm Prospective Study, are Charlotte Summers from DDM Health, Dr Simon Tobin and Dr David Unwin, both from Norwood Surgery in Southport.
To read the full report, click here.